Advice for recording presentations

This is the reference documentation for presenters submitting pre-recorded talks for online conferences managed by the DebConf Video Team. If you think something should be included here, don’t hesitate to Contact us or to make a merge request on the git repository for this documentation.

This documentation will focus on tools and formatting guidelines to ensure that your presentation is easy to read and hear during the conference.

If you run into any problems or have questions about recording your presentation, feel free to ask us in the #debconf-video IRC channel on OFTC and we will try help you.


Please use the following:

  • a microphone

  • 16:9 aspect ratio for your slides

  • large fonts so people on slow connections can see

  • 1280x720 resolution

  • the correct frame rate according to your country’s electrical frequency (25 or 30 fps - divide the frequency by two) - Wikipedia Chart

  • headphones if you are in a multi-presenter session, or you will cause an echo for everybody

And remember to leave space for your face if you want to show it at the same time as your slides.


We stream video with an aspect ratio of 16:9. Thus, your slides should also be 16:9 to avoid black bars on either side in the stream. In LibreOffice you can change this for your slides by, clicking on Slide -> Properties and then adjusting it in the Format field. You should also use large fonts, as attendees with slow internet connections may use video qualities as low as 480x270.

Many presenters choose to place the video of themselves talking at the bottom right corner of the screen, while their slides are shown full-screen. If you intend to do so, leave a space in your slides so that your face does not cover up any of the slides’ content.


There are many tools for recording your screen that you can use to record your talk. This guide will describe several in detail and give you links to others if you do not find they suit your needs. Please record 1280x720 video (25/30 fps) at a bitrate of at least 2Mbps. The frame-rate is determined by your country’s electrical frequency (Wikipedia Chart) if you are using artificial lighting, otherwise you should use 30 fps, as this is what we are streaming at.

Before you record your talk, make sure you have a light source in front of you, as a light source behind you will make it difficult to see your face in the video. This video contains some good tips on positioning and lighting:

It is also a good idea to try a short test recording, and check if the lights cause the background to flicker. If this happens, try a different frame-rate (30 vs 25). Also check your audio and make sure that there is no unwanted noise and that it is intelligible.

As this is a talk, the audience needs to hear you even more than they need to see you. Thus, use an external microphone, even if it just the one on your phone’s headphones. Check the audio level in the software you are using to record. It should come close to -3dB on the meter (typically coloured yellow) without going above 0dB (red coloured in most recording software). If you are recording a BoF or a talk with multiple presenters, everyone should wear headphones to ensure that there is no echo in the recording.

It is recommended to use the “Noise Reduction” and “Filter” plugins from the pulseeffects package for the input device if you are using pulse audio and there is a lot of noise in the recorded audio.

By default the recorded audio may have a lot of noise even when using an external microphone. To enable and configure pulseeffects:

  1. Install the pulseeffects package

    apt install pulseeffects

  2. Launch the pulseeffects application

  3. Click on the input/microphone icon from top left menu (see screenshot)

  4. Enable the “Filter” and “Noise Reduction” plugins

You may also want to keep the microphone closer to your mouth if you are using your smart phone’s headphones.

Screenshot of using ``pulseeffects``


OBS is a fully featured tool for recording and processing video. It supports multiple layouts, that you can switch between during your talk. There is a slight learning curve to using it, but there is a lot of documentation on the Internet for it. It can be installed on all supported versions of Debian:

apt install obs-studio

Recording your face can be done using a webcam. If you want better quality, you can use your phone camera, but will introduce some latency between when you say something and it appearing in OBS. You can stream your phone camera using Spydroid (free), Larix (non-free), or Droidcam (non-free).

Note: When using ‘Audio Input Capture (Pulse Audio)’ as a source and you get noise in the recorded audio, you can use the “Filters” option and add “Noise Suppression” to improve the audio quality (this is in addition to enabling pulseeffects).


Vokoscreen is a GUI tool for easy screencast recording. It is much more simple when compared to OBS, but can do the job well. It can capture the full screen or a portion of it. It has a feature to overlay your webcam in the corner of the screen which you should enable if you wish to record your face. In Debian Buster and earlier, the package is called vokoscreen. In Debian Bullseye and newer, it has been replaced with vokoscreen-ng.

FFmpeg Capture

You can record your entire screen and the default pulseaudio input with this FFmpeg command:

ffmpeg -f x11grab -framerate 30 -video_size 1280x720 -i :0.0 -f pulse -ac 2 -i default -b:v 2M output.mkv


The biggest thing about editing is not to spend too much time doing it, but concentrate on the talk’s content instead. The recording edit should just trim the start and end, so that the talk starts and the beginning and finishes at the end and remove any long interruptions during the talk. There are many tools to edit video, we recommend Kdenlive (Buster and later), Shotcut (Bullseye and later) and Openshot (openshot-qt) which is in Buster and later Debian releases.

Your final video should have the following settings (some of these may need to be set when you start the editing project):

  • Resolution: 1280x720

  • Bitrate: 2Mbps

  • Video format: VP9 or H.264

  • Audio format: Opus, Vorbis, AAC or MP3 (with a high enough bitrate so that it does not sound terrible)

  • Audio channels: Mono or stereo

  • Container: WebM, Matroska (MKV) or MP4

Please review your video after exporting it to ensure that the result is what you expect.

Tips and Tricks

  • A virtual X output can let you see your presenter notes while recording your presentation:

  • If you are not in front of your computer, a confidence monitor near the camera is a great way to make sure the video recording is going according to plan.

  • There are several tools to help take animated gifs and screenshots for recording demos:

    • Peek: can record part (or all of your screen) and turn it into a gif. Handy for including small demo clips in slides.

    • Flameshot: takes full or partial screenshots and making quick annotations.